Glossary

Academic Institutions
Relating to education and scholarship e.g. Universities
Benign
Not cancerous
Biomarkers
Substances sometimes found in an increased amount in blood or tissue that may suggest the presence of some types of cancer.
Biopsy
Removal of a sample of tissue or cells for examination for purpose of diagnosis.
Cancer
A disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells.
Chromosomes
Structures in cell nucleus which control the genes responsible for heredity.
Consent
Permission or agreement.
Control
Comparison
Diagnosis
The identification of the nature of an illness by examination of the symptoms.
Donate/Donation
Allowing the gift of blood, an organ or tissue from ones body.
DNA
Component of chromosomes that carries the genetic code.
Epidemiology
Study of the distribution and causes of disease in a population.
Genetics
The study of genes.
Genes
The biological information you inherit from your parents.
Heredity
Genetic transmission from parent to child.
Histology
The study of cells relating to the disease.
Oncology
Science dealing with physical/chemical and biological properties and features of cancer, including causes and disease process.
Metastasis
Where cancer has spread to other parts of the body beyond the primary site.
Pathologist
A Doctor who specialises in the nature/structures and identity of disease.